This is an informative mail I received and thought I would share it here with you all. Why are the politicians and bureaucrats hesitant to accept all the clauses chalked out by the Civil society formed by Anna Hazare and his team? Why is there a delay in enforcing the Lokpal Bill? Please read on to know more on this topic...

Existing System: No politician or senior officer ever goes to jail despite huge evidence because Anti Corruption Branch (ACB) and CBI directly come under the government. Before starting investigation or initiating prosecution in any case, they have to take permission from the same bosses, against whom the case has to be investigated.

System Proposed by civil society: Lokpal at centre and Lokayukta at state level will be independent bodies. ACB and CBI will be merged into these bodies. They will have power to initiate investigations and prosecution against any officer or politician without needing anyone permission. Investigation should be completed within 1 year and trial to get over in next 1 year. Within two years, the corrupt should go to jail.

Existing System: No corrupt officer is dismissed from the job because Central Vigilance Commission, which is supposed to dismiss corrupt officers, is only an advisory body. Whenever it advises government to dismiss any senior corrupt officer, its advice is never implemented.

System Proposed by civil society: Lokpal and Lokayukta will have complete powers to order dismissal of a corrupt officer. CVC and all departmental vigilance will be merged into Lokpal and state vigilance will be merged into Lokayukta.

Existing System: No action is taken against corrupt judges because permission is required from the Chief Justice of India to even register an FIR against corrupt judges.

System Proposed by civil society: Lokpal & Lokayukta shall have powers to investigate and prosecute any judge without needing anyone permission.

Existing System:Nowhere to go- People expose corruption but no action is taken on their complaints.

System Proposed by civil society:Lokpal & Lokayukta will have to inquire into and hear every complaint.

Existing System:There is so much corruption within CBI and vigilance departments. Their functioning is so secret that it encourages corruption within these agencies.

System Proposed by civil society: All investigations in Lokpal & Lokayukta shall be transparent. After completion of investigation, all case records shall be open to public. Complaint against any staff of Lokpal & Lokayukta shall be inquired and punishment announced within two months.

Existing System: Weak and corrupt people are appointed as heads of anti-corruption agencies.

System Proposed by civil society: Politicians will have absolutely no say in selections of Chairperson and members of Lokpal & Lokayukta. Selections will take place through a transparent and public participatory process.

Existing System: Citizens face harassment in government offices. Sometimes they are forced to pay bribes. One can only complaint to senior officers. No action is taken on complaints because senior officers also get their cut.

System Proposed by civil society: Lokpal & Lokayukta will get public grievances resolved in time bound manner, impose a penalty of Rs 250 per day of delay to be deducted from the salary of guilty officer and award that amount as compensation to the aggrieved citizen.

Existing System: Nothing in law to recover ill gotten wealth. A corrupt person can come out of jail and enjoy that money.

System Proposed by civil society: Loss caused to the government due to corruption will be recovered from all accused.

Existing System:Small punishment for corruption-Punishment for corruption is minimum 6 months and maximum 7 years.

System Proposed by civil society:Enhanced punishment -The punishment would be minimum 5 years and maximum of life imprisonment.