Everything is an object in Java( Single root hierarchy as everything gets derived from java.lang.Object)
Java does not have all the complicated aspects of C++ ( For ex: Pointers, templates, unions, operator
overloading, structures etc..)
The Java language promoters initially said "No pointers!", but when many programmers questioned how
you can work without pointers, the promoters began saying "Restricted pointers." You can make up your
mind whether itís really a pointer or not. In any event, thereís no pointer arithmetic.
There are no destructors in Java. (automatic garbage collection)
Java does not support conditional compile (#ifdef/#ifndef type).
Thread support is built into java but not in C++.
Java does not support default arguments. Thereís no scope resolution operator :: in Java. Java uses the
dot for everything, but can get away with it since you can define elements only within a class. Even the
method definitions must always occur within a class, so there is no need for scope
resolution there either.
Thereís no "goto " statement in Java.
Java doesnít provide multiple inheritance (MI), at least not in the same sense that C++ does.
Exception handling in Java is different because there are no destructors.
Java has method overloading, but no operator overloading. The String class does use the + and +=
operators to concatenate strings and String expressions use automatic type conversion, but thatís a special
Java is interpreted for the most part and hence platform independent.